Blood is formed by the bone marrow cells. Bone marrows are formed in the hollow cavity and it is spongy in nature. It is the main site from which the blood cells especially the red blood cells popularly called as RBC which gives the characteristic red color and also which is primly responsible for carrying oxygen throughout every nook and corner of our body. Bone marrows consist of stem cells as well as the immature cells.
Stem cells have a huge characteristic of regeneration capacity. From one stem cell, innumerable amount of other cells can be generated. The bone marrows can be affected too. Leukemia is one of the most dangerous disease that deals with bone marrow and the malfunction of the bone marrow. Not only leukemia, there are many diseases that are associated with its malformation. Sickle cell anemia, lymphoma etc. are those diseases. Thus bone marrow with all the good points also pose a lot of threats.
Blood cancer is very common nowadays. Acute blood cancer is also called as leukemia. Leukemia includes both the bone marrow system and also lymphatic system. And it is mainly involved with the white blood cells. White blood cells are associated with the defense system of our body. It is one of theworst disease that can ever happen. As we all know cancer with all of its characteristics also pose a characteristic called as Metastasis.
Metastasis pose the characteristics that when a malignant cell generates from on position in the body travels a distant place within a body where they aggregate and colonize and exhibiting all of its dangerous properties. And this characteristics is mostly seen in leukemia as it is associated with blood. Blood being the connective tissue it aggravates this property.
One of the worst thing about Leukemia is this disease is very much predominant in child also. Almost 30% of the leukemia diseased population is child. It is almost untreatable in most of the situation. However early diagnosis in some cases can be very much effective in treating. It is also very much predominant in adults also.
Unlimited regeneration of the white blood cells can cause dangerous malfunctions. The treatment of leukemia is dependent on many factors. Each of the type requires different set of treatment method to be followed. Different type of leukemia has different symptoms too depending on the types. They are
- Fever and chills
- Severe infections symptoms with frequent occurrence.
- Lymph nodes gets swollen with enlarged liver and spleen
- Easy bleeding
- Petechiae ( red marks in the skin)
- Excessive sweating occurs, mostly during night time
- Bone pain and tenderness felt in the bone.
- Loss of weight
- Persistent fatigue and weakness.
- Recurrent nosebleeds
Leukemia treatment method is different for different cases. Bone marrow transplantation is one of the method that is properly done gave a lot of positive response. However cost of Leukemia treatment in India is more or less on the higher scale. Chemotherapy and other radiation therapy is also a potent alternative treatment method.
Consulting doctors immediately is the wisest option if any of the above mentioned symptoms occur.